At which stages of the virtual mini public do we apply asynchronous communication?
Idea Generation: Crowd sourcing platforms prior to sessions (Tim Hughes)
At which stages should we NOT do asynchronous interaction?
Asynchronous interactions are not as useful when participants do not feel as though the platform has a sense of community. Participants’ sense of community within a platform is a key indicator of if/how often they choose to communicate asynchronously. (Meyer & Carey, 2014) https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17512786.2013.859838?casa_token=fcehiCGxbzoAAAAA%3AHxj1wG6pL5wm9xF9hKune8bU02iPfBAJTTrABJFblEfOkbU_mP0ElVAwjq7VnR70OzpowIK4mv289w
– when voting? votings could also take place in asynchronous processes if the result doesn’t have to be collected at one specific point of time; asynchronous voting can minimize the convergence moment of a normal deliberative process
Which tools can be used for asynchronous communication stages? Limitation of number of participants? Facilitation resources?
Decide Madrid used a Reddit like platform which allowed the public to upvote, comment, and discuss proposed ideas/ legislation asynchronously.(Their’s was very large scale) https://archive.org/details/FutureDemocraciesLCPD/page/n45/mode/2up
Set concrete tasks for participants to work on during breakout sessions
“Macintosh (2004)defines three types of deliberation plat- forms: informative, consultative and participative. Informa- tive platforms are platforms used by governments to produce and deliver information for use by citizens. Consultative platforms add a way for citizens to provide feedback on materials received. Participative platforms allow citizens to actively engage in defining the process and content of policy-making.” https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1265300?casa_token=7NYWHJIMqe4AAAAA:Mk65-07G0JX2XnWgMhDb3dSp05_EaKBpsXmlrKCaynlU3cVnbCVfJ_4ss7lOPArPSK4Uze16Sg
limitations of some asynchronous platforms (e.g. Pol.is and Deliberatorium) for participants, who want to discuss and engage more deeply.
Bulletin board system (discussion, Q&A, but not sure for the agreement moment)